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Constitution of North Carolina

ARTICLE I Declaration of Rights

That the great, general, and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established, and that the relations of this State to the Union and government of the United States and those of the people of this State to the rest of the American people may be defined and affirmed, we do declare that:


1. The equality and rights of persons.

2. Sovereignty of the people.

3. Internal government of the State.

4. Secession prohibited.

5. Allegiance to the United States.

6. Separation of powers.

7. Suspending laws.

8. Representation and taxation.

9. Frequent elections.

10. Free elections.

11. Property qualifications.

12. Right of assembly and petition.

13. Religious liberty.

14. Freedom of speech and press.

15. Education.

16. Ex post facto laws.

17. Slavery and involuntary servitude.

18. Courts shall be open.

19. Law of the land; equal protection of the laws.

20. General warrants.

21. Inquiry into restraints on liberty.

22. Modes of prosecution.

23. Rights of accused.

24. Right of jury trial in criminal cases.

25. Right of jury trial in civil cases.

26. Jury service.

27. Bail, fines, and punishments.

28. Imprisonment for debt.

29. Treason against the State.

30. Militia and the right to bear arms.

31. Quartering of soldiers.

32. Exclusive emoluments.

33. Hereditary emoluments and honors.

34. Perpetuities and monopolies.

35. Recurrence to fundamental principles.

36. Other rights of the people.

37. Rights of victims of crime.

Legal Periodicals. - For article, "North Carolina's Declaration of Rights: Fertile Ground in a Federal Climate," see 36 N.C. Cent. L. Rev. 145 (2014).

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